News

Beetroot juice supplements may help certain heart failure patients

EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Wed, 2018-02-21 21:00
(Indiana University) Beetroot juice supplements may help enhance exercise capacity in patients with heart failure, according to a new proof-of-concept study. Exercise capacity is a key factor linked to these patients' quality of life and even survival.
Categories: News

As pediatric use of iNO increased, mortality rates dropped

EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Wed, 2018-02-21 21:00
(Children's National Health System) Jonathan Chan, M.D., and colleagues analyzed data from pediatric patient visits over a 10-year period at 47 children's hospitals and found as inhaled nitric oxide use and costs increased mortality rates dropped modestly.
Categories: News

Researchers develop new technology platform for cancer immunotherapy

EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Wed, 2018-02-21 21:00
(InSilico Medicine, Inc.) Johns Hopkins scientists invent multifunctional antibody-ligand traps (Y-traps), a new class of cancer immunotherapeutics. They develop Y-traps comprising an antibody targeting an immune checkpoint (CTLA-4 or PD-L1) fused to a TGFβ trap. In humanized mouse models, these Y-traps reverse immune suppression and inhibit growth of tumors that do not respond to current immune checkpoint inhibitors.
Categories: News

Research to uncover factors behind bladder cancer progression receives ACS grant

EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Wed, 2018-02-21 21:00
(Penn State) To find new therapies for aggressive bladder cancer, researchers must first uncover what drives each subtype at the molecular level. That's why the American Cancer Society has awarded a grant to study bladder cancer development to David DeGraff, assistant professor of pathology, surgery and biochemistry and molecular biology, and a member of Penn State Cancer Institute.
Categories: News

UT Dallas scientists isolate cancer stem cells using novel method

EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Wed, 2018-02-21 21:00
(University of Texas at Dallas) Researchers at The University of Texas at Dallas have devised a new technique to isolate aggressive cells thought to form the root of many hard-to-treat metastasized cancers -- a significant step toward developing new drugs that might target these cells.
Categories: News

Few Chicagoland wetlands left without non-native species, study finds

EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Wed, 2018-02-21 21:00
(University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences) The wetlands in and around Chicago are overwhelmingly invaded by non-native plants, according to a new study by University of Illinois researchers. The study, which pulls together species occurrence data from over 2,000 wetlands in the urban region, is the first to describe wetland invasion patterns on such a large scale in the Chicagoland area.
Categories: News

Sweet, bitter, fat: Genetics play a role in kids' snacking patterns, study finds

EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Wed, 2018-02-21 21:00
(University of Guelph) The types of snacks a child chooses could be linked to genetics, a University of Guelph study found.The study investigated whether genetic variants in taste receptors related to sweet, fat and bitter tastes influence the snacks preschoolers choose and found nearly 80 per cent carried at least one of these genotypes that could predispose them to poor snacking habits.These findings could help parents tailor their kids' diets based on their genetics of taste.
Categories: News

Opioid abuse leads to heroin use and a hepatitis C epidemic, USC researcher says

EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Wed, 2018-02-21 21:00
(University of Southern California) Heroin is worse than other drugs because people inject it much sooner, potentially resulting in increased risk of injection-related epidemics such as hepatitis C and HIV, a Keck School of Medicine of USC study shows. As more people use opioids, many switch to heroin because it's more potent and cheaper - a trend that complicates disease prevention as health officials crack down on opioids.
Categories: News

Protein active in life-threatening allergic reactions is a promising target for therapy

EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Wed, 2018-02-21 21:00
(Food Allergy Research & Education) In a recently published study supported by Food Allergy Research & Education, researchers at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center have described a signaling pathway that can contribute to the dangerous circulatory and respiratory symptoms of anaphylaxis. The pathway, which promotes fluid loss from blood vessels into surrounding tissues, includes the interleukin-4 receptor, a protein that is targeted by a drug already approved to treat moderate to severe eczema. These findings hold promise for a treatment to make anaphylaxis less deadly.
Categories: News

Age and gender matter behind the wheel -- but not how you might expect

EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Wed, 2018-02-21 21:00
(University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences) A UCLA study explored the relationship between new drivers' skills and age, gender, organized sports and video gaming. The results suggest that mandatory training should be required for all novice drivers, not just teenagers.
Categories: News

UBC engineers advance the capability of wearable tech

EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Wed, 2018-02-21 21:00
(University of British Columbia Okanagan campus) Creating the perfect wearable device to monitor muscle movement, heart rate and other tiny bio-signals without breaking the bank has inspired scientists to look for a simpler and more affordable tool. Now, a team of researchers at UBC's Okanagan campus have developed a practical way to monitor and interpret human motion, in what may be the missing piece of the puzzle when it comes to wearable technology.
Categories: News

Mind-reading algorithm uses EEG data to reconstruct images based on what we perceive

EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Wed, 2018-02-21 21:00
(University of Toronto) A new technique developed by neuroscientists at U of T Scarborough can reconstruct images of what people perceive based on their brain activity gathered by EEG.
Categories: News

C-sections and gut bacteria increase risk of childhood obesity

EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Wed, 2018-02-21 21:00
(University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry) New CHILD Study research has found that overweight and obese women are more like to have children who are overweight or obese by three years of age--and that bacteria in the gut may be partially to blame.
Categories: News

Toenail fungus gives up sex to infect human hosts

EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Wed, 2018-02-21 21:00
(Duke University) The fungus that causes athlete's foot and other skin and toenail infections may have lost its ability to sexually reproduce as it adapted to grow on human hosts. The discovery that this species may be asexual -- and therefore nearly identical at the genetic level -- uncovers potential vulnerabilities that researchers could exploit in designing better antifungal medications. The findings appear online in Genetics.
Categories: News

Kessler Foundation receives grant to study cortical changes in youth with brain injury

EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Wed, 2018-02-21 21:00
(Kessler Foundation) Drs. Kiran Karunakaran and Karen Nolan have won a $35,000 grant from New Jersey Health Foundation to study the cortical changes in children and young adults with lower extremity motor deficits caused by traumatic brain injury (TBI). 'Our research shows that robotic exoskeleton training has the potential for tremendous impact on gait function, balance, and neuromuscular responses, as well as community participation and quality of life for individuals with TBI,' explained Dr. Nolan.
Categories: News

Dr. Kucukboyaci receives grant to study cognitive therapies for traumatic brain injury

EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Wed, 2018-02-21 21:00
(Kessler Foundation) 'Memory and learning problems are very common in people with moderate to severe TBI,' explained Dr. Kucukboyaci. 'Through this NJ Health Foundation grant, we will be able to advance our preliminary research and directly address the need for Class I research in software-assisted cognitive rehabilitation. 'Our goal is to improve patient care for this population,' he continued, 'by devising and teaching TBI-tailored memory strategies that can boost work or school functioning, and monitoring cognitive changes over time.'
Categories: News

Therapy for muscular dystrophy-caused heart failure also improves muscle function in mice

EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Wed, 2018-02-21 21:00
(Cedars-Sinai Medical Center) Injections of cardiac progenitor cells help reverse the fatal heart disease caused by Duchenne muscular dystrophy and also lead to improved limb strength and movement ability, a new study shows. The study, published today in Stem Cell Reports, showed that when researchers injected cardiosphere-derived cells (CDCs) into the hearts of laboratory mice with muscular dystrophy, heart function improved along with a marked increase in exercise capacity.
Categories: News

Scientists reveal development of improved medicine to fight addiction

News-Medical.Net Pharmaceutical News - Wed, 2018-02-21 19:29
Drug addiction continues to plague vast numbers of people across the world, destroying and ending lives, while attempts to develop more effective pharmaceutical addiction treatments continue.
Categories: News

Prophylactic use of haloperidol does not reduce delirium burden

News-Medical.Net Pharmaceutical News - Wed, 2018-02-21 18:59
Prophylactic use of the drug haloperidol does not help to prevent delirium in intensive care patients or improve their chances of survival. Therefore, there is no reason anymore to administer the drug as a preventive measure to reduce the burden of delirium.
Categories: News
Syndicate content