EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health

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Updated: 6 hours 49 sec ago

MyH.E.A.L.T.H. app -- once only available to military -- hits civilian app stores in 2021

Thu, 2020-10-29 21:00
(Pennington Biomedical Research Center) U.S. soldiers, family members and veterans have had exclusive access to a smartphone app they used to improve eating, sleeping, exercising and stress, until now. The same scientists who created the one-of-a-kind military app for the U.S. Department of Defense were given the go-ahead to complete a new consumer version for 2021 release.
Categories: News

Hospital floors are hotspot for bacteria, creating route of transfer to patients

Thu, 2020-10-29 21:00
(Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America) The floors of hospital rooms are frequently contaminated with antibiotic-resistant bacteria within hours of patient admission, creating a route of transfer of potentially dangerous organisms to patients, according to a study published today as part of the proceedings from Decennial 2020: The Sixth International Conference on Healthcare-Associated Infections. Decennial 2020, an initiative of the CDC and SHEA, was cancelled in March due to the pandemic.
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Salt wars: The battle over the biggest killer in the American diet by Michael F. Jacobson

Wed, 2020-10-28 21:00
(The MIT Press) How food industry lobbyists and a small group of scientists have successfully fought government efforts to reduce dangerous levels of sodium in our food.
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Decision conflict before cancer surgery correlates with lower activity after surgery

Wed, 2020-10-28 21:00
(Massachusetts General Hospital) Nearly one-third of cancer patients who decide to undergo surgery for their condition may have second thoughts, and this decision conflict may lead to less favorable treatment outcomes in both the near- and long-term, according to a team of investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital and Ariadne Labs.
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UC scientist receives over $700,000 for a multi-year research project

Wed, 2020-10-28 21:00
(University of Cincinnati) University of Cincinnati cosmetic scientist Harshita Kumari has received a research grant for more than $700,000 for a multi-year study to explore certain new proprietary surfactants for industrial applications and personal care products.
Categories: News

ICE detention centers saw sustained outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases, says study

Wed, 2020-10-28 21:00
(University of California - San Francisco) More than a dozen US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) detention centers experienced large, repeated outbreaks of vaccine-preventable illnesses in the last three years, according to a new study by researchers at UC San Francisco.
Categories: News

Amount of COVID viral RNA detected at hospital admission predicts how patients will fare

Wed, 2020-10-28 21:00
(American Thoracic Society) A new study published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society examines whether the amount of RNA, or genomic load, of SARS-CoV-2 detected in swab tests of patients being admitted to the hospital with viral pneumonia is associated with more severe COVID-19. SARS-CoV-2 is the virus that causes COVID-19. Previous studies on this question have had conflicting results.
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Tube-dwelling anemone toxins have pharmacological potential, mapping study shows

Wed, 2020-10-28 21:00
(Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo) Analysis identified 525 genes encoding proteins that act on the nervous system, cardiovascular system and cell walls. One of the molecules proved effective against cancer cells in preliminary test results.
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Autoantibody order, timing predict genetically at-risk children most likely to get T1D

Wed, 2020-10-28 21:00
(University of South Florida (USF Health)) New findings from The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study in the U.S. and Europe show that detailed information about the order, timing and type of autoantibodies appearing after the first autoantibody can significantly improve prediction of which children are most likely to progress to type 1 diabetes more rapidly. The analysis, led by the USF Health Informatics Institute, could help diagnose T1D earlier and offers the opportunity to prevent diabetic ketoacidosis and its serious complications.
Categories: News

Two-hour sepsis test in development at Penn State and Stanford University

Wed, 2020-10-28 21:00
(Penn State) One in three people who die in US hospitals have sepsis, the body's extreme response to infection that can lead to multiple organ failure. Diagnosis can take up to five days, but death may take only hours from the initial onset of sepsis.
Categories: News

World's first agreed guidance for people with diabetes to exercise safely

Wed, 2020-10-28 21:00
(Swansea University) A Swansea University academic has helped draw up a landmark agreement amongst international experts, setting out the world's first standard guidance on how people with diabetes can use modern glucose monitoring devices to help them exercise safely. The guidance will be a crucial resource for healthcare professionals around the world, so they can help people with type 1 diabetes.
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Models show how COVID-19 cuts a neighborhood path

Wed, 2020-10-28 21:00
(University of Washington) A research team led by UC Irvine and the University of Washington has created a new model of how the coronavirus can spread through a community. The model factors in network exposure -- whom one interacts with -- and demographics to simulate at a more detailed level both where and how quickly the coronavirus could spread through Seattle and 18 other major cities.
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RIT/NTID inventors receive patent for hearing test

Wed, 2020-10-28 21:00
(Rochester Institute of Technology) A new method for evaluating hearing has received a second patent by the US Patent and Trademark Office. Work leading to the patent, 'Method for Determining Hearing Thresholds in the Absence of Pure-Tone Testing,' was conducted at Rochester Institute of Technology's National Technical Institute for the Deaf.
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UMass Amherst research compares sensitivity of all genes to chemical exposure

Wed, 2020-10-28 21:00
(University of Massachusetts Amherst) A University of Massachusetts Amherst environmental health scientist has used an unprecedented objective approach to identify which molecular mechanisms in mammals are the most sensitive to chemical exposures.
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'Time machine' offers new pancreatic cancer drug testing approach

Wed, 2020-10-28 21:00
(Purdue University) Drug resistance is a major reason why pancreatic cancer has a five-year survival rate of only about 10%. If scientists tested potential drugs on multiple tumor cell subtypes rather than on just one subtype, they may be able to catch resistance better, suggests a "time machine" developed by Purdue University engineers.
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Stronger treatments could cure Chagas disease

Wed, 2020-10-28 21:00
(University of Georgia) Researchers in the University of Georgia's Center for Tropical and Emerging Global Diseases have found that a more intensive, less frequent drug regimen with currently available therapeutics could cure the infection that causes Chagas disease
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Study shows myocarditis linked to COVID-19 not as common as believed

Wed, 2020-10-28 21:00
(Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center) A study conducted by Richard Vander Heide, MD, PhD, Professor and Director of Pathology Research at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, and Marc Halushka, MD, PhD, Professor of Pathology at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, suggests myocarditis caused by COVID-19 may be a relatively rare occurrence.
Categories: News

Water fleas on 'happy pills' have more offspring

Wed, 2020-10-28 21:00
(Norwegian University of Science and Technology) Dopamine can trigger feelings of happiness in humans. Water fleas that are exposed to dopamine-regulating substances apparently gain several advantages.
Categories: News

Researcher develops app to reach Black community with COVID-19 information

Wed, 2020-10-28 21:00
(University of Cincinnati) Donald Lynch, MD, a University of Cincinnati researcher, is working with public health researchers, Tilicia Mayo-Gamble, PhD, at Georgia Southern University, and Kelly Harris, PhD, at Washington University in St. Louis, to conduct a yearlong study in which the smartphone app is designed based on conversations with focus groups in Cincinnati, St. Louis and Princeton, Georgia, to provide education to black communities about COVID-19.
Categories: News

Streetlights contribute less to nighttime light emissions in cities than expected

Wed, 2020-10-28 21:00
(GFZ GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam, Helmholtz Centre) When satellites take pictures of Earth at night, how much of the light that they see comes from streetlights? A team of scientists from Germany, the USA, and Ireland have answered this question for the first time using the example of the U.S. city of Tucson, thanks to "smart city" lighting technology that allows dimming. The result: only around 20 percent of the light in the Tucson satellite images comes from streetlights.
Categories: News