EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health

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The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Updated: 1 hour 52 min ago

Biologist leads pioneering study on stress

Thu, 2019-07-18 21:00
(Louisiana State University) A biologist at Louisiana State University conducted a pioneering research study that could help us to better understand the role of dopamine in stress resilience in humans through analyzing wild songbirds. This study could lead to increased prevention and treatment of stress-related disorders.
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Discovering how diabetes leads to vascular disease

Thu, 2019-07-18 21:00
(University of California - Davis Health) A team of UC Davis Health scientists and physicians has identified a cellular connection between diabetes and one of its major complications -- blood vessel narrowing that increases risks of several serious health conditions, including heart disease and stroke.
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Take a bath 90 minutes before bedtime to get better sleep

Thu, 2019-07-18 21:00
(University of Texas at Austin) Biomedical engineers at UT Austin have found a way for people to get better shuteye. Systematic review protocols allowed researchers to analyze thousands of studies linking water-based passive body heating, or bathing and showering with warm/hot water, with improved sleep quality.
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New research finds private practice physicians less likely to maintain electronic records

Thu, 2019-07-18 21:00
(Vanderbilt University Medical Center) The research led by Jordan Everson, Ph.D., assistant professor in the Department of Health Policy at Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC), finds striking differences in use of electronic health records (EHRs) among more than 291,000 physicians included in the study.
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KIST uesed eco-friendly composite catalyst and ultrasound to remove pollutants from water

Thu, 2019-07-18 21:00
(National Research Council of Science & Technology) Developed eco-friendly, low-cost, and high-efficiency wastewater processing catalyst made from agricultural byproduct, and High efficiency and removal rate achieved through application of ultrasound stimulation, leading to high expectation for the development of an environmental hormone removal system.
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Routine blood tests could predict diabetes

Thu, 2019-07-18 21:00
(Veterans Affairs Research Communications) A study that looked at data on more than 900,000 VA patients showed that elevated blood glucose levels detected in routine outpatient tests, though well below diagnostic thresholds, predicted diabetes within 5 years.
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NIH study links air pollution to increase in newborn intensive care admissions

Thu, 2019-07-18 21:00
(NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) Infants born to women exposed to high levels of air pollution in the week before delivery are more likely to be admitted to a newborn intensive care unit (NICU), suggests an analysis by researchers at the National Institutes of Health.
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The University of Bonn is the most successful participant in the Excellence Strategy competition

Thu, 2019-07-18 21:00
(University of Bonn) It is with boundless joy and pride that the University of Bonn has received the decision of the Excellence Commission to grant the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn the status of a University of Excellence. It is one of only eleven Universities of Excellence in Germany appointed today and one of two in North Rhine-Westphalia. With the six Clusters of Excellence acquired last September, Bonn is the most successful university in the Germany-wide Excellence competition.
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2016 election linked to increase in preterm births among US Latinas

Thu, 2019-07-18 21:00
(Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health) A significant jump in preterm births to Latina mothers living in the U.S. occurred in the nine months following the November 8, 2016 election of President Donald Trump, according to a study led by a researcher at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
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Taking out the protein garbage becomes more difficult as neurons age

Thu, 2019-07-18 21:00
(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) As cells age, their ability to shed harmful refuse declines. New research suggests that the deterioration of autophagy in aged neurons could be a risk factor for a suite of neurodegenerative diseases such as ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), Alzheimer's, and Parkinson's.
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Study reveals genetic similarities of osteosarcoma between dogs and children

Thu, 2019-07-18 21:00
(The Translational Genomics Research Institute) A bone cancer known as osteosarcoma is genetically similar in dogs and human children, according to the results of a study published today by Tufts University and the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), an affiliate of City of Hope. The findings could help break the logjam in the treatment of this deadly disease, which hasn't seen a significant medical breakthrough in nearly three decades.
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Newly discovered neural pathway processes acute light to affect sleep

Thu, 2019-07-18 21:00
(Northwestern University) Either to check the time or waste time, people often look at their smartphones after waking in the middle of the night. While this acute burst of light does make it more difficult to fall back to sleep, a new Northwestern University study reports that it won't interfere with the body's overall circadian rhythms.
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Offering children a wide variety and large quantities of snack food encourages them to eat more

Thu, 2019-07-18 21:00
(Murdoch Childrens Research Institute) Offering children a wide variety and large quantities of snack food encourages them to eat more - and may contribute to weight problems, a new study has found.The research, led by the Murdoch Children's Research Institute and published in the latest International Journal of Obesity, also found that how snacks are presented (in a large or small container) has little influence on how much children snack.
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Probiotic research paves way for microbe 'microbreweries' to benefit human health

Thu, 2019-07-18 21:00
(University of Virginia Health System) A young scientist's pioneering work with probiotics could lead to a new industry of "microbreweries" custom-blending microbes to battle disease and benefit human health.
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X-ray laser sight reveals drug targets

Thu, 2019-07-18 21:00
(Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology) Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology have published a review on serial femtosecond crystallography, one of the most promising methods for analyzing the tertiary structure of proteins. This technique has rapidly evolved over the past decade, opening new prospects for the rational design of drugs targeting proteins previously inaccessible to structural analysis.
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3q29 deletion survey: distinct social profile, high ASD risk

Thu, 2019-07-18 21:00
(Emory Health Sciences) 3q29 deletion syndrome is a strong risk factor for both schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorder. People with the rare condition have a distinct neuropsychiatric profile, researchers found.
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In the Global South less than one-third of high blood pressure patients treated

Thu, 2019-07-18 21:00
(University of Göttingen) Healthcare in low- and middle-income countries is poorly prepared for the increasing number of high blood pressure (ie hypertension) disorders. More than two-thirds of all people affected go without treatment. Researchers led by the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, the University of Göttingen and the Medical Faculty of Heidelberg have discovered this. The study appeared in The Lancet.
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Understanding the mode of action of the primaquine: New insights into a 70 year old puzzle

Thu, 2019-07-18 21:00
(Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine) Researchers at LSTM have taken significant steps in understanding the way that the anti-malarial drug primaquine (PQ) works, which they hope will lead to the development of new, safer and more effective treatments for malaria.
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What do the red 'ornaments' of female macaques mean?

Thu, 2019-07-18 21:00
(CNRS) Scientists demonstrated that, contrary to what had been assumed for several years, colour variations among female macaques do not precisely indicate the time of ovulation. On the other hand, dominant female macaques, who usually have greater reproductive success, have darker hindquarters.
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Operative versus non-operative treatment for 2-part proximal humerus fracture

Thu, 2019-07-18 21:00
(Estonian Research Council) Although increasingly used, the benefit of surgical treatment of displaced 2-part proximal humerus fractures has not been proven. This trial evaluates the clinical effectiveness of surgery with locking plate compared with non-operative treatment for these fractures.
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