EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health

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Updated: 16 hours 29 min ago

GA4GH and ELIXIR release Beacon API v1 with increased security measures

Thu, 2018-10-18 21:00
(Global Alliance for Genomics and Health) ELIXIR and the Global Alliance for Genomics and Health (GA4GH) have announced the release of the Beacon API v1 -- a data discovery protocol that allows users to determine the presence or absence of a particular allele in a dataset, without disclosing any further data differentiating the individuals it contains.
Categories: News

Marijuana use might lead to higher risk of stroke, World Stroke Congress to be told

Thu, 2018-10-18 21:00
(Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada) A five-year study of hospital statistics from the United States shows that the incidence of stroke has risen steadily among marijuana users even though the overall rate of stroke remained constant over the same period.
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Huge variations between countries in time for reimbursement decisions on new cancer drugs

Thu, 2018-10-18 21:00
(European Society for Medical Oncology) Some European countries take more than twice as long as others to reach health technology assessment (HTA) decisions to reimburse new cancer drugs following their approval by the European Medicines Agency (EMA). The average decision time is longer than one year in some countries, according to a study to be reported at ESMO 2018 Congress.
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Why some cancers affect only young women

Thu, 2018-10-18 21:00
(Université de Genève) Among several forms of pancreatic cancer, one of them affects specifically women, often young, even though the pancreas is an organ with little exposure to sex hormones. This pancreatic cancer, known as 'mucinous cyst,' has strange similarities with another mucinous cancer, affecting the ovaries. By conducting large-scale analyses of genomic data, researchers at the University of Geneva and at the University Hospitals of Geneva have provided an answer: both tumors originate from embryonic germ cells.
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Scientists find brain signal that might help us judge the holiday buffet

Thu, 2018-10-18 21:00
(Johns Hopkins University) Neuroscientists have found a brain region that appears to be strongly connected to food preference decisions, like what to choose from a buffet line or potluck table.
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Src regulates mTOR, a major player in cancer growth

Thu, 2018-10-18 21:00
(Baylor College of Medicine) This study shows that Src is necessary and sufficient to activate mTORC1 and offers the possibility to develop novel approaches to control cancer growth.
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With a microbe-produced toxin, bacteria prove old dogs can learn new tricks

Wed, 2018-10-17 21:00
(University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine) In the ongoing chemical battles among bacteria and their microbial neighbors, a new toxin has been uncovered. This unfamiliar toxin behaves in a familiar way. Its actions against other bacteria resemble the mechanisms of cholera, pertussis and diphtheria toxins. Some bacteria deploying this toxin have safeguards against self-poisoning.
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Salk professor named one of TIME magazine's '50 Most Influential People in Health Care'

Wed, 2018-10-17 21:00
(Salk Institute) Juan Carlos Izpisua Belmonte, a professor in Salk's Gene Expression Laboratory, has been named one of TIME magazine's 50 most influential people in healthcare for his scientific innovations in addressing the shortage of human organs for transplant.
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$5.1 million grant will fund research to develop a stem cell-based therapy for blinding eye condition

Wed, 2018-10-17 21:00
(University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences) Scientists at the UCLA Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research and the Stein Eye Institute have been awarded a $5.1 million grant from the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine to advance the development of a novel therapy for blinding retinal conditions.
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$5 million NSF grant will help researchers show the impact of their work

Wed, 2018-10-17 21:00
(University of Missouri-Columbia) The National Science Foundation has awarded the University of Missouri a $5.2 million grant over five years to establish the Advancing Research and its Impact on Society (ARIS) Center at Mizzou. It will advance the practice of translating scientific research to the public through educational outreach and community engagement.
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Suicide risk in abused teen girls linked to mother-daughter conflict

Wed, 2018-10-17 21:00
(University of Rochester) University of Rochester researchers identified a stark correlation between both poor mother-daughter relationships and high degrees of conflict -- with the likelihood of suicidal thoughts.
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Cytokine mediates obesity-related factors linked to colorectal cancer

Wed, 2018-10-17 21:00
(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) A new study describes the mechanistic relationship between the cytokine interleukin-1ß, (IL-1ß) and obesity, showing that when IL-1ß levels are increased in obesity, IL-1 receptor signaling activates multiple pathways leading to colon cancer.
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$11 million NIH grant creates new center for musculoskeletal research at Clemson

Wed, 2018-10-17 21:00
(Clemson University) With an $11 million grant from the National Institutes of Health Center for Biomedical Research Excellence, Clemson University has launched the South Carolina Center for Translational Research Improving Musculoskeletal Health, or SC-TRIMH, a new research center that will bring together scientists from across South Carolina to change the way musculoskeletal disorders are diagnosed, treated and even studied.
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For preterm infants, skin-to-skin contact affects

Wed, 2018-10-17 21:00
(Wolters Kluwer Health) For premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), skin-to-skin contact with parents influences levels of hormones related to mother-infant attachment (oxytocin) and stress (cortisol) -- and may increase parents' level of engagement with their infants, reports a study in Advances in Neonatal Care, official journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.
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Managing the complexities and risks of HIV and tuberculosis coinfection

Wed, 2018-10-17 21:00
(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) A new study identified a significant association between HIV infection and complexities of treating patients with tuberculosis coinfection.
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To track how students ace the LSAT, watch their eyes

Wed, 2018-10-17 21:00
(University of California - Berkeley) Neuroscientists are tracking eye movements to understand how practicing tough reasoning tests like the LSAT makes students smarter.
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Social media for medical journals operates in 'wild west,' needs more support to succeed

Wed, 2018-10-17 21:00
(Northwestern University) In this first study to examine social media editor roles at medical journals, researchers at Northwestern Medicine found that while medical journals are using social media more to extend the reach of new research, the responsibilities and measures of success for these roles aren't well defined or supported. More support is needed to get the information to the public more efficiently.
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Stem cell biologist Sean Morrison elected to the National Academy of Medicine

Wed, 2018-10-17 21:00
(UT Southwestern Medical Center) UT Southwestern Professor Dr. Sean Morrison, Director of the Children's Medical Center Research Institute (CRI) at UT Southwestern, has been elected to the National Academy of Medicine (NAM), one of the highest honors in the fields of health and medicine.
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UT Southwestern researcher wins Breakthrough Prize for innate immunity discovery

Wed, 2018-10-17 21:00
(UT Southwestern Medical Center) UT Southwestern biochemist Dr. Zhijian "James" Chen today was named winner of the prestigious 2019 Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences for his discovery of the cGAS enzyme that launches the body's immune defense against infections and cancers. That enzyme patrols the cell's interior and triggers the immune system in response to DNA.
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Government corruption tops 5th annual Chapman University survey of American fears

Wed, 2018-10-17 21:00
(Chapman University) More Americans are afraid than ever, according to the 5th annual Chapman University Survey of American Fears, released today. The 2018 survey revealed that government corruption remains Americans' primary concern, and the state of the environment, which for the first time represents fully half of Americans' top 10 fears.
Categories: News