EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health

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Updated: 7 hours 34 min ago

How ugly marital spats might open the door to disease

Tue, 2018-08-14 21:00
(Ohio State University) Married people who fight nastily are more likely to suffer from leaky guts -- a problem that unleashes bacteria into the blood and can drive up disease-causing inflammation, new research suggests.
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Common Wifi can detect weapons, bombs and chemicals in bags

Tue, 2018-08-14 21:00
(Rutgers University) Ordinary WiFi can easily detect weapons, bombs and explosive chemicals in bags at museums, stadiums, theme parks, schools and other public venues, according to a Rutgers University-New Brunswick-led study. The researchers' suspicious object detection system is easy to set up, reduces security screening costs and avoids invading privacy such as when screeners open and inspect bags, backpacks and luggage. Traditional screening typically requires high staffing levels and costly specialized equipment.
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Baycrest co-created Virtual Brain joins flagship neuroscience initiative in Europe

Tue, 2018-08-14 21:00
(Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care) The Virtual Brain (TVB), an international brain-mapping platform co-developed by Baycrest researchers, has become part of one of the largest European research enterprises to advance neuroscience, medicine and computing. Through TVB's international partners at the Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin and the Berlin Institute of Health, the platform will be integrated as the core simulation tool within the Human Brain Project, a multi-billion dollar enterprise involving more than 750 scientists in more than 20 countries.
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Eating breakfast burns more carbs during exercise and accelerates metabolism for next meal

Tue, 2018-08-14 21:00
(University of Bath) New research published in the American Journal of Physiology suggests that eating breakfast could 'prime' the body to burn carbohydrates during exercise and more rapidly metabolise foods after working out.
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Restoring blood flow may be best option to save your life and limb

Tue, 2018-08-14 21:00
(American Heart Association) Amputation for severe blockages in the lower limbs has a lower survival rate than other treatment options that restore blood flow. Treatment options to restore blood flow to the lower limbs are less expensive than amputation.
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Media registration: Cancer Immunotherapy Conference in New York

Mon, 2018-08-13 21:00
(American Association for Cancer Research) The Cancer Research Institute (CRI), the Association for Cancer Immunotherapy (CIMT), the European Academy of Tumor Immunology (EATI), and the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) will sponsor the fourth International Cancer Immunotherapy Conference at the New York Marriott Marquis in New York City, Sept. 30-Oct. 3, 2018.
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Scientists pinpoint brain networks responsible for naming objects

Mon, 2018-08-13 21:00
(University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston) Scientists at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) have identified the brain networks that allow you to think of an object name and then verbalize that thought. The study appeared in the July issue of BRAIN. It represents a significant advance in the understanding of how the brain connects meaning to words and will help the planning of brain surgeries.
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Societies recommend policies to retain, increase ranks of ID physician scientists

Mon, 2018-08-13 21:00
(Infectious Diseases Society of America) Improved compensation, expanded mentorship and training opportunities, and concrete measures to improve workforce diversity are all needed to address attrition from the ranks of physician scientists specializing in infectious diseases, and to ensure that the next generation of that work force is sufficient to bring quests for new life-saving treatments and cures to fruition, according to recommendations released today by IDSA, HIVMA and PIDS.
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Healthy fat cells uncouple obesity from diabetes

Mon, 2018-08-13 21:00
(Baylor College of Medicine) Researchers have identified possible ways to uncouple obesity from co-morbidities such as heart disease and insulin resistance.
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Doctors may be able to enlist a mysterious enzyme to stop internal bleeding

Mon, 2018-08-13 21:00
(Scripps Research Institute) An enzyme can boost platelet production may work as a future therapeutic.
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Immune cells in the brain have surprising influence on sexual behavior

Mon, 2018-08-13 21:00
(Ohio State University) Immune cells usually ignored by neuroscientists appear to play an important role in determining whether an animal's sexual behavior will be more typical of a male or female.
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SMURF1 provides targeted approach to preventing cocaine addiction relapse

Mon, 2018-08-13 21:00
(University at Buffalo) A class of proteins that has generated significant interest for its potential to treat diseases, has for the first time, been shown to be effective in reducing relapse, or drug-seeking behaviors, in a preclinical study.
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Byproducts of 'junk DNA' implicated in cancer spread

Mon, 2018-08-13 21:00
(University of California - San Diego) UC San Diego biologists and their colleagues have revealed that enhancer RNAs play a significant role in cancer dissemination. The researchers found that eRNAs have a direct role in the activation of genes that are important for tumor development. This role is facilitated by the ability of eRNAs to directly interact with BRD4, a protein known as a cancer disseminator. BRD4 has been recognized as a promising cancer target.
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Magnetic gene in fish may someday help those with epilepsy, Parkinson's

Mon, 2018-08-13 21:00
(Michigan State University) An aquarium fish that senses the Earth's magnetic field as it swims could help unlock how the human brain works and how diseases such as Parkinson's and other neurological disorders function. Michigan State University scientists are the first to discover a navigational gene in glass catfish called the electromagnetic-perceptive gene, or EPG, that responds to certain magnetic waves. They've already developed a way to use it to control movement in mice.
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Clinical trial suggests new direction for heavy-smoking head and neck cancer patients

Mon, 2018-08-13 21:00
(University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus) Phase I results of olaparib with cetuximab and radiation led to 72 percent 2-year survival in 16 patients on trial, compared with an expected 2-year survival rate of about 55 percent for standard-of-care treatment.
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Deaths from resident-to-resident incidents in dementia offers insights to inform policy

Mon, 2018-08-13 21:00
(University of Minnesota) Analyzing the incidents between residents in dementia in long-term care homes may hold the key to reducing future fatalities among this vulnerable population, according to a new research from the University of Minnesota School of Nursing.
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Cancer-fighting drugs also help plants fight disease

Mon, 2018-08-13 21:00
(Washington State University) Cancer-fighting drugs used on humans can help plants fight disease as well. That discovery, by two Washington State University plant pathologists, could help scientists develop new pathways for plants to battle infection, as revealed in a paper in the journal Frontiers in Plant Science.
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Inching closer to a soft spot in isoniazid-resistant tuberculosis

Mon, 2018-08-13 21:00
(American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology) Researchers comparing clonal strains of the mycobacteria that cause TB, before and after they developed resistance to a first-line drug, found that a single genetic change may not always have identical effects on bacterial fitness.
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MossRehab named top ten rehabilitation facility in nation

Mon, 2018-08-13 21:00
(Einstein Healthcare Network/MossRehab) MossRehab, the renowned physical and cognitive rehabilitation arm of Einstein Healthcare Network, has again been named by U.S. News & World Report as a top ten rehabilitation facility in the country for diagnoses including spinal cord injury, stroke, amputation and traumatic brain injury. MossRehab is also once again listed as the top ranked facility of its type in Pennsylvania. This is the twenty-fifth time MossRehab has made the list.
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Space-based tracker to give scientists a beyond-bird's-eye-view of wildlife

Mon, 2018-08-13 21:00
(Yale University) The International Cooperation for Animal Research Using Space, or ICARUS, will be flying closer to the sun than ever when a pair of Russian cosmonauts installs the antennae for its state-of-the-art animal tracking system on the exterior of the International Space Station on Aug. 15. The installation will be one small step for the cosmonauts and one giant leap for Yale biodiversity research.
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